07.04.2017 / by maximios / Беллетристика и филология / No Comments



Вариант №1.


Read and translate the text:


How much, for what and ending up where?




At the end of 2001, Saudi Arabia had the largest of these proven reserves (262,697 million barrels), followed by Iraq, Iran, United Arab Emirates, and Kuwait, with together about 400,000 million barrels). OPEC estimates that the oil reserves in its member countries will last for another 80 years (at the current rate of production), while the reserves of non-OPEC oil producers (e.g., in the Northeast Atlantic) might last less than another 20 years.

See also International Energy Agency (IEA) and other information sources on world oil reserves.




per day in 2000.

See also International Energy Agency and other information sources on world oil production.



per day during the period 1985-2000, an increase of over 25 per cent.

See also International Energy Agency and other information sources on world oil consumption.



Offshore oil production accounts for about 30 per cent of the total world oil production, and offshore gas production for about half of the world production of natural gas.




Read the text and compose the plan. Try to retell the topic.

. The ramified network main gas, and oil products of wires which pass on territory practically all subjects of Federation is created in the country.

by the major fuel and energy resources. The Russian pipeline systems most actively developed in 60-80-Ñ years. Now 35 % of pipelines are maintained more than 20 years that demands enhanced attention to their operational reliability and technical safety.

has gone through main changes. First, in a postwar period many oil fields were open. It promoted creation of new pipeline strings. Second, the changed political life and economic changes have led to increase in an oil recovery for the purpose its deliveries in other countries.

’s pipeline transportation system.

oil trunk pipelines guarantees steady pumping of oil volumes as it is required by the Russian economics.

Provision of environmental safety of the Baltic Pipeline System

facilities at all stages of the project implementation — from investment planning to production facilities construction and operation.

permits to comply with strict sewage treatment standards for all the range of pollutants.

to provide additional environmental control over the state of the isolated ballast waters discharged from tankers in the process of loading the crude oil

In the conclusion it would be desirable to tell, that pipeline transport, origin and which development it is connected to beginning of oil and gas extraction, is a basis power supply of the country.


. When the light (to come) at last they (to begin) climbing down, and soon they (to get) to their camp. Everybody (to be) happy.


Open the parentheses:

1. I (to do) morning exercises.

2. He (to work) at a factory.

3. She (to sleep) after dinner.

4. We (to work) part-time.

5. They (to drink) tea every day.

6. Mike (to be) a student.

7. Helen (to have) a car.

8. You (to be) a good friend.

9. You (to be) good friends.

10. It (to be) difficult to remember everything.


Form passive Voice:

Nobody has used this room for ages.

We will give you the keys tomorrow.

Someone is interviewing Dr Johnson at the moment.

By the time I arrived, someone had already opened all your letters.

We usually talk briefly about the problems of the family at dinner time.

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